There is some doubt as to what the name “Oslo” really means. “Os” can be understood to mean a range of hills or ridge or a reference to a Norse god, while “lo” might mean a field. Hence, Oslo can mean either “field of the gods” or “the field below the hill”.
Oslo is one of the oldest capitals in Europe and is thought to have been originally settled in Viking times.
Excavations have exposed the remains of a settlement from around 900AD and by 1300 Oslo was already an important trading centre.
In 1624, King Christian IV decided to re-name it Christiana. At the beginning of the 19th century Christiana was still a small town. From 1850 to 1900 the population grew from 30,000 to 220,000. Following independence in 1905 and rising national sentiment, the city reverted to its original name of Oslo in 1925.
Population is now 600,000
Area is 454 sq. Kms.
Lakes – 343
Islands in the inner Oslo fjord – 40
Highest point -629m
Average temperature – summer 20C Winter -4 degrees C
The long, narrow Oslo fjord combined with the many hours of sunshine mea that the temperature of the water can reach up to 22 degrees C during the summer.
This morning I revisited the Oslo Domkirke, the principal church for the City of Oslo, in time for the 11 o’clock Sung Eucharist. The Choir processed down the aisle followed by a young couple with their baby so I witnessed an infant baptism. I, of course, couldn’t understand a word, but was able to hum the tune of the first hymn – All people that on earth do dwell – played on the magnificent pipe organ. We know God’s blessing as we worship Him.
M visit this afternoon to the Folk Museum was primarily to see a Stave Church as it may be my only opportunity.
The Museum presents life in Norway from 1500 until today. 160 historic buildings have been relocated to the Museum, including the Stave Church from Gol. It was built around the year 1200 and re-located to its present site in 1884.
It is claimed that Norwegians are world champions when it comes to drinking coffee. Oslowegians consume around 500 million cups of coffee a year; almost 1,000 cups per inhabitant.